X-Y Microphone

The X-Y stereo technique utilizes two directional microphones at the same place and typically placed at 90° or more to each other. A stereo effect is achieved through differences in sound pressure level between two microphones. Due to the lack of differences in time-of-arrival and phase ambiguities, the sonic characteristic of X-Y recordings is generally less “spacey” and has less depth compared to recordings employing an AB setup.

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